Naag Panchami. The festival where snakes are worshipped in the form of supreme deities. Naag Panchami commences with Naga Chaturthi which is followed by Naga Panchami and Nag Shashti. The women from India revere the day of Nagula Chavithi with regards to shower happiness in their children's lives. It is believed that Nagula Chavithi provides protection to children. The festival of Naga Panchami takes place during Shukla Paksha during Sawan month. As the festival of Naag Panchami is dedicated to snakes, it is believed that Patal Lok is the dwelling or abode of the snakes (Nagas). Some of the regional names of Naag Panchami Festival are Bhratru Panchami, Bishari Puja, Naga Vardhini Panchami, etc.
Legend has it that according to the Mahabharata derivations, Janamejaya (son of King Pariksit, Kuru Dynasty) was performing a ritual to seek revenge on the death of his Father, the ritual is known as Sarpa Satra. This was because King Pariksit died from a snake bite by the King of snakes, Taksaka. Thereby, a powerful fireplace was created by a number of learned men that it attracted each and every snake into the fire. Surprisingly, the main target, Taksaka escaped the magnetic power of the Sarpa Satra and went into Indra's world. In order to attract Taksaka into the Agni Kund, the tempo of Mantra recital was increased. This was so magical and powerful that even Indra could not escape it and accompanied Taksaka to the Agni Kund. Upon this, the Gods became worried and pleaded Mansa Devi the goddess of Snakes to intervene and help. Followed by repeated requests from the Gods, Mansa Devi sent her son Ashtika to the place of event and he impressed Janamejaya with his knowledgeable personality despite being taken to task. Janamejaya got convinced and stopped Sarpa Satra sparing the life of Indra, Taksaka and other serpent sects. As per the Hindu calendar, this was the day of Navi Vardhini Panchami. Ever since Naag Panchami is observed as a tribute to the Nagas. Another legend is that while playing one day with the other children, Lord Krishna took the initiative to retrieve the ball which was stuck up in a high tree. Since it was not easy to go to that area, Lord Krishna had to place himself above the Yamuna river which was the home to the Snake Kaliya. Lord Krishna slipped and fell into the river while climbing ensuing a battle with Kaliya. But, Lord Krishna was not in a mood to give up as he fought valiantly and overpowered Kaliya. Kaliya then understanding Lord Krishna's power begged him to let it go. Lord Krishna being the great God as he is, released Kaliya on the condition that it would not harass anyone anymore. Since then, this event is also believed to be another reason for the festival of Naag Panchami.
Naag Panchami is observed by devotees through cleaning the house inside out, worshipping of snakes, Puja's, holy offerings of food and chanting of mantras. A snake is crafted out of cow dung on the day of Naag Panchami and placed at the doorstep. Milk, Kusha grass, sandalwood, Akshat (holy grains of rice) are offered to the snake. The snake deity is bathed in milk, which is believed to forgive your sins. Preparation of special food made with Sevai (vermicelli), rice items and laddoo. As per Skanda Purana evidence, worshipping snakes of chamatkarpur will lead to the fulfilment of your wishes.