Gudi Padwa

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Gudi Padwa is popularly known as Samvatsar Padvo in Marathi. It is a major festival, celebrated with pomp and magnificence among the Konkanis and Maharashtrians. Falling on the first day of the Hindu month of Chaitra, this festival will be celebrated on 22nd March this year.

Gudi Padwa 2023 Date & Muhurat

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All About Gudi Padwa Festival

This festival is celebrated with great excitement and elation by the people living in the Konkan and Maharashtra regions of our country. It is an extremely important festival for them. This festival marks the arrival of the spring season. After the cold wintery months in the country, this festival heralds the arrival of Basant, or spring as it is referred to in Hindi.

This festival also signals the farmers to harvest the crops, initiating a new agricultural cycle. Once the Rabi crop of the season is harvested, the farmers sell it in the market to earn their livelihood. As a result, this festival also stands for prosperity and abundance. Apart from this, the name of the festival is an amalgamation of two words, “gudi” and “padwa,” where “gudi” means the emblem or flag of Lord Brahma and “padwa” means the first day in the lunar cycle. Gudi Padwa 2023 will be celebrated on the 22nd of March with ceremony and grandeur. 

Gudi Padwa Significance

This major festival holds a lot of significance as a spring festival. It is also a harvest season festival that is celebrated with renewed vigor every year. This festival, however, holds so much importance because it marks the arrival of the New Year as per the Hindu calendar or panchang. It is for this specific reason that this festival holds such great import for the Marathi as well the Konkani folks.

After reaping the crops of the Rabi season, farmers get ready to welcome the spring season with hearts filled with hope and aspirations. However, according to Hindu mythology, this festival also holds great significance because it was on this day that the creator or the Hindu god Brahma created the universe. It is from this day onwards that the concept of time came into being, according to the scriptures. Furthermore, this mythical day is also celebrated to commemorate the crowing of Bhagwan Shree Ram as the rightful king of Ayodhya upon his return from the exile. It, therefore, marks the victory of good over the wicked and the immoral.

Gudi Padwa Puja Vidhi

The festival is sacred for many Hindus, and therefore the Puja Vidhi for this festival is to be meticulously followed. We have listed the puja preparations down below. Let us see:

  • Begin the Puja preparations after taking a bath.
  • Maka a toran with mango leaves. 
  • Decorate the front entrance of the house with a rangoli made out of flowers and colors.
  • Clean and decorate the temple inside your house.
  • Light an oil lamp next to it.
  • Assemble the Gudi by taking a bamboo stick and covering it with a clean cloth.
  • Tie neem leaves and Saakhar gaathi around it.
  • Decorate it with flowers and mango leaves.
  • Invert a pot or Kalash and put it next to the stick.
  • Put kumkum, haldi, and akshat on the Gudi.
  • Make offerings of fruits, flowers, paan, supari, incense sticks, and dhoop to the deities.
  • Offer the naivedhayam prepared to the gods and goddesses and seek their blessings for a happy and prosperous life.
  • Hoist the flag outside the entrance of the house after the Puja is complete.
  • Perform aarti in the temple as well as of the gudi.
  • Unfurl the flag before sunset time.

How is Gudi Padwa Celebrated?

This occasion is marked by festivities that fill the day with exhilaration across the state of Maharashtra. People across the Konkan belt celebrate the day by performing the below-mentioned rituals:

  • Devotees enjoy the festivities by making traditional rangolis or torans using colorful flowers and rangoli colors at the entrance of their house.
  • Everybody initiates the day by cleaning and decorating their houses.
  • Prasad is made using a Sattvik recipe.
  • After this, people take a bath and adorn new clothes.
  • The Gudi flag is an important emblem of the day, so people make it using a silk scarf and tied at the top of a bamboo stick. Neem leaves, saakhar gaathi, and mango flowers are also used to decorate the flag. Saakhar gaathi is a garland made out of sugar candies. These objects are symbolically used to signify the bittersweet nature of human existence.
  • Everyone offers prayers to the Gudi, which is placed near the entrance of the house or near a window.
  • Family and friends gather together to welcome the New Year with warmth and happiness.
  • The day is also special since it is known for the exquisite dishes like Puran Poli and Shrikhand that are prepared to add a touch of sweetness to this day.

Regional Names of Gudi Padwa

This festival marks the beginning of the new year as per the Hindu calendar. The festival is celebrated all across the nation; however, the names of the New Year celebrations differ by geographical location. Here are the different names of this festival in India-

  • Ugadi in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh
  • Baisakhi in Punjab and other Northern states
  • Pohela Boishakh in West Bengal
  • Bestu Varas in Gujrat
  • Puthandu in Tamil Nadu
  • Vishu in Kerala
  • Losoong in Sikkim
  • Bohag Bihu in Assam
  • Navreh in Kashmir

Astrological Significance of Gudi Padva:

Astrologically as well, this festival holds a lot of significance because not only is it the beginning of the New Year, offering a fresh start to things and people alike. At the same time, this event occurs during the Sadhe Teen muhurta, which is deemed to be a really auspicious time. As per the astrological calculations, any task that is initiated during this period is bound to see the heights of success.

Legends Associated with the Festival of Gudi Padwa:

As per the legends associated with this day, the brave Maratha king Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj hurled the flag of victory in his kingdom after defeating the Mughals. After this, he re-started the festivities associated with the festival of happy Gudi Padwa. Hence, this festival is celebrated with even greater vigor in Maharashtra. The festival has since then become a symbol of prosperity and victory.

Furthermore, it is on this day that Gautami Putra, Satakarni of the famous Shalivahan dynasty, defeated the Sakas in battle in 78 A.D. It is for this reason that this festival is also the primary day of the Shalivahan calendar. 

To put it simply, this day of Gudi Padwa in Marathi is a very important occasion for all the people of the state. It is celebrated with special dance performances, bhajans, skits, and aartis. It brings the people together and unites them in harmony with each other.

If you have any questions regarding Gudi Padwa 2023, then Astroyogi astrologers can be of great help!

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