Bhai

Bhai Dooj
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Bhai Dooj occurs at the end of the five days of the festivities of Diwali. Each year, this festival is celebrated on the second day of Sukla Paksha, in the month of Kartik, as per the lunar calendar. This year, the festival will fall on 26th October, according to the Gregorian calendar.

Bhai Dooj 2022 Date & Tilak Muhurat

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All About the Bhai Dooj Festival

The festival is also referred to as Bhatra Dwitiya, Bhai Dwitiya, Bhathru Dwithiya, and Bhau Teej. This auspicious day commemorates the bond between a sister and her brother as sisters pray for the long and healthy life of their brothers. The day’s festivities start with a tika ceremony and sisters demanding gifts from their brothers as he vows to protect her throughout his life.

Bhai Dooj Festival Puja Vidhi

The puja vidhi of this day is quite simple and is similar to that of Raksha Bandhan, as both these occasions celebrate the bond between siblings. Let us look at the steps for performing the puja on this auspicious day-

  • Wake up early in the morning and take a bath.
  • Adorn new clothes on this occasion.
  • During the auspicious muhurat of this day, offer prayers to the Gods.
  • Sisters must perform the tilak ceremony by putting roli and akshat on their brother’s forehead.
  • Light a Diya in the South direction of the house.
  • Tie a kalava on your brother’s wrist of the right hand and pour some water on your brother’s hand while chanting the mantras of this day. 
  • In some parts of the country, kaddu or pumpkin flowers, along with betel nuts and betel leaves, are placed in the brother’s palm by his sister.
  • Sisters put some coins in the brother’s hand after the tilak ceremony.
  • Offer your brother some delicious sweets prepared on the occasion of this festival.
  • Brothers must treat their sisters with gifts on this day.
  • Perform the aarti of your brother and seek the promise of protection from him.
  • Some women even make garlands out of cotton and roli to offer to the Gods, seeking their protection for herself and her family.

Astrological Significance of Bhai Dooj

Astrologically, this day falls on the same day as Chitragupta Jayanti. These two festivals are celebrated on the second day of the Shukla Paksha or the brighter half of the month, during the Kartik maas. It is believed that worshipping Lord Chitragupta on this day is said to get the devotees the gift of his blessings as he keeps an account of everyone’s actions and decides which souls get absolution or Nirvana from the cycle of life and death.

Significance of Bhai Dooj Festival

This propitious day holds a lot of significance among the members of the Hindu community. Popularly known as Yama Dwitiya, this day occurs on the Dwitiya Tithi in the month of Kartik. This festival falls after Diwali and is the last in the five-day-long festivities of the biggest festival of the Hindus. As per the scriptures, on this day, sisters worship deities and put tilak on the forehead of their brothers to bestow them with health, happiness, and long life. Consequently, this day honors the bond of kinship between a sister and her brother. Sisters feed scrumptious desserts to their brothers on this occasion and even observe a fast. Those who partake in the rituals are believed to be blessed and deemed as Saubhagyavati, while the brothers are showered with the gift of a long life. The day is also relevant as Yamraj, the God of death, is worshipped on this day alongside Yama Doots and Chitragupta due to the legends surrounding this day and its significance. 

Rituals Associated with Bhai Dooj Festival

This day is celebrated with a lot of excitement, and it elicits a similar zeal as the festival of Raksha Bandhan. The rituals are pretty similar for both these propitious days but there is a slight difference as well. Let us look at the rituals associated with this day-

  • Unlike Raksha Bandhan, there is no tradition of tying a rakhi on the wrist of the brother. However, the brother does take a vow to protect his sister, much like in the festival of Rakhi.
  • In Nepal, seven colors are used during the Tilak ceremony.
  • In West Bengal, sandalwood paste, as well as kajal, is used to put a tilak on the brother’s forehead.
  • In Haryana and Maharashtra, those sisters who do not have a brother worship the moon on this auspicious day.
  • Kheerni poori or Busundi poori is particularly made in Maharashtra on this occasion and is a much-loved delicacy of the region.
  • Khaja, a snack that is made with wheat flour and sugar, is extremely famous in West Bengal during this festival.

Regional Names Associated with Bhai Dooj

This festival is popular in the entire country, but the names differ across different regions. The spirit celebrating the bond of brothers and sisters, however, remains the same everywhere. Here are the different names of this festival-

  1. Bhai Dooj- Northern parts of India
  2. Bhau Teej- Maharashtra
  3. Bhai Bij- Gujrat
  4. Bhatru Dwitiya- Odisha and Southern parts of India
  5. Bhav Bij- Goa and Konkan regions
  6. Bhai Phota- Assam and West Bengal
  7. Bhai Tikka- Nepal

Legend Associated with Bhai Dooj

As per the religious scriptures, there are two Puranic characters that are prominently connected to the story of this festival. These characters are named Yama and Yamuna. Yama or Yamraj is the God of death. Drowning under the pressures of the everyday tasks that sought his immediate attention, Yama failed to visit his sister for an extended period of time.

Wanting to meet his sister, Yama visited Yamuna unannounced on the Dwitiya Tithi. Overjoyed at her brother’s presence, Yamuna welcomed him by putting a tilak on his forehead and a garland around his neck. Yama, on the other hand, granted a boon to his beloved sister on this auspicious day. She requested her brother to spare the lives of brothers on this occasion, and since then, this day has been celebrated as Yama Dwitiya. Furthermore, it is believed that taking a dip in the holy waters of Yamuna on this day will shower the devotees with the blessings of Yama.

On this day, brothers promise to protect their sisters for the rest of their lives while sisters wholeheartedly pray for the longevity of their brother’s life. Regardless of the traditions and rituals, this day is all about the love and affection that siblings share, and that is what makes this day so special for everyone.

To know about the auspicious muhurat of this day, connect with Astroyogi astrologers right away!

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