Among the many Hindu festivals and rituals observed in India throughout the year, Karwa Chauth is one of the most important occasions. Karwa Chauth is a revered occasion that is celebrated with a lot of devotion, especially in the northern part of India. This particular festival is considered to be immensely crucial for married women.
The occasion of Karwa Chauth is a celebration of marriage, love, and the unbreakable bond that a husband and wife share.
Let’s get to know everything about this occasion.
Let’s look at the date and time related to the pious occasion of Karwa Chauth. Karwa Chauth 2021 will be observed on 24th October 2021 (Sunday).
Karwa Chauth Puja Time - 05:43 PM to 06:59 PM
Time for Moonrise on Karwa Chauth- 08:07 PM
Chaturthi Tithi (Begins) - 03:01 AM on 24th October 2021
Chaturthi Tithi (Ends) - 05:43 AM on 25th October 2021
Here’s the Karwa Chauth moonrise time in major cities-
Karwa Chauth is a celebration of the love and the bond between a husband and wife. It falls every year on the Chaturthi Tithi or fourth day of Krishna Paksha (waning phase of the Moon) of Kartik month, according to the Purnimanta Hindu Calendar. According to the Amanta calendar, followed in Southern India, Karwa Chauth is celebrated during Ashwin month. However, you should know that only the month's name differs in different states, but Karwa Chauth is celebrated on the same day.
On this one-day festival, married women observe a day-long strict fast for the long life and protection of their husbands. It is believed that by observing this occasion, married women can ensure that their husbands lead a happy life. Hindus believe that if married women observe a fast on Karwa Chauth, also known as 'Karak Chaturthi' in some places, it helps prolong the life of their husbands and bring happiness into their lives. Furthermore, unmarried girls also observe the Karwa Chauth fast to pray for a good husband. In Hindi, 'Karwa' or 'Karak' means 'pot', and 'Chauth' denotes 'fourth day'. The earthen pot is used to make the water offerings to the Moon.
On the day of Karwa Chauth, womenfolk spent the day listening to the mythological stories associated with the occasion. The women who are observing the fast wait for the Moon to appear. They worship the Moon once it appears, and then they take the first bite of food from their husband's hand. Therefore, this also becomes a romantic occasion that symbolises the love and the eternal bond between a husband and wife.
This year Karwa Chauth is going to be unique as an auspicious yoga is being made. According to the Hindu calendar, the Moon of Karwa Chauth 2021 will emerge in Rohini Nakshatra. After five years, this is happening, making this Karwa Chauth special. According to mythological beliefs, keeping the fast of Karwa Chauth in this Nakshatra is auspicious. It is believed that seeing the Moon and worshipping it in this Nakshatra will ensure that one gets desired results and every wish gets fulfilled.
Moreover, Karwa Chauth will be observed on a Sunday this year. Sunday is dedicated to the Sun God or Lord Surya. This means that the women observing the fast will also get the blessings of the Sun God.
You need the following materials, which are as follows-
Gangajal (water from the Ganges)
Mehendi or henna
Yellow clay/soil for making Gauri
Wooden pedestal or seat
Eight puris of Athavari
The fast that one observes for Karwa Chauth is indeed difficult as one cannot consume food or drink water during the course of the fast. This strict fast is kept by married women from sunrise to moonrise for the longevity and welfare of their husbands.
As mentioned above, the Karwa or Karak refers to the earthen pot through which water is offered, known as 'Argha', to the Moon. The Karwa is considered to be quite significant for Karwa Chauth Puja. It is given to any eligible woman in the family or a Brahmin as 'Dan' (donation) after the Puja.
In the evening of this day, one hour before the moonrise, married women worship Lord Shiva and his entire family, i.e., Goddess Parvati, Lord Ganesha, and Lord Kartikeya. While worshipping, the person who has kept the fast should be facing East. Women observing the fast can break the fast only after sighting the Moon. As soon as the women see their husbands through the chalni (sieve) on which a lamp is placed, their husbands break their fast by making them drink water.
An essential part of the Karwa Chauth ritual is 'sargi'. 'Sargi' is a platter or 'thali containing various traditional sweet and savoury dishes. Sargi contains kheer, dry fruits, sevaiyaan, matthri, fruits, coconuts, etc. Women consume the sargi after taking a bath in the early hours of the morning. After eating this, the women do not consume food or water for the entire day. It is believed to be a healthy meal that enables them to stay without food or water for the whole day. The mother-in-law prepares and presents the sargi to their daughter-in-law on Karwa Chauth.
When it comes to observing the fast and worshipping of Karwa Chauth, you should follow the right method. Given below is the method for the Puja.
Hindus observe the festival of Karwa Chauth with immense zeal all over India. However, this festival is most popular in Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, etc. The Karwa Chauth fast is kept in different places in accordance with the prevailing beliefs of that place. Although there might be some differences in the beliefs, in essence, this fast is kept by women for the protection and longevity of the husband's life.
Karwa Chauth is celebrated with great joy, especially by married women. Married women dress up for this occasion, which is called Solah (sixteen) Shringar. They dress up as newly-wed brides and adorn themselves with bridal jewellery. Women apply mehendi on their hands, wear sindoor (vermillion), mangalsutra, bangles, anklet, nose ring, earrings, kamarband (waistband), bindi, rings, gajra (flower garland for hair), etc. Newly-wed brides even wear their bridal attire.
The festival of Karwa Chauth also coincides with Sankashti Chaturthi, which is dedicated to Lord Ganesha. After four days of Karwa Chauth, Ahoi Ashtami is observed by devotees.