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The festival of Dhanteras marks the beginning of the grand celebrations for Diwali. According to the Hindu calendar, the auspicious festival of Dhanteras or Dhantrayodashi is celebrated on the Trayodashi date of Krishna Paksha of Kartik month every year. Dhanteras 2020 is on Friday, 13th November.
The festival of Dhanteras usually falls one or two days before Diwali every year. This festival has special significance and importance in Hinduism. The word 'Dhanteras' is made up of two words, wherein the first word 'Dhan' means wealth or money, and 'teras' signifies the thirteenth day. This festival is known as the festival of wealth. On this day, it is considered auspicious for people to shop for gold, silver, jewellery, utensils, etc.
On the auspicious day of Dhanteras, divine Goddess Lakshmi, who is known as the Goddess of wealth, is worshipped. As per mythological beliefs, worshipping Goddess Lakshmi will not cause you any shortage of money and grain. Along with Goddess Lakshmi, Lord Dhanvantari and Lord Kubera should also be worshipped as per the norm. Lord Dhanvantari is known as the healer of the gods or the God of Vaidya as per Hinduism beliefs. Additionally, he is known as the greatest physician of the universe and the founder of Ayurveda. Lord Dhanvantari is considered as a form or avatar of Lord Vishnu. He is depicted as holding an urn full of nectar in one hand. His favourite metal is brass, which is why people buy brass items on Dhanteras. On the other hand, Lord Kubera is the God of wealth and is known as the connoisseur of wealth.
On the evening of Dhanteras, you should light diyas or lamps outside the house. These lamps are kept with their flame facing southwards. The lamps are believed to be lit for Yamraj, the God of Death. Women of the house should light 13 diyas for Lord Yamraj. The lamps will make Lord Yamraj happy, and he will offer his blessings that will protect you and your entire family from untimely or premature death. This lamp becomes a symbol of the flame of the family always burning, thus extinguishing the fear of premature death. The lamps are kept throughout the night as the Hindu tradition of deep daan or deepam daan to honour the God of Death.
On the occasion of Dhanteras, there is a tradition of shopping on the day of Dhanteras. People purchase valuable items on this day. It is believed that whatever item is purchased on this auspicious day increases by 13 times. Moreover, buying items also symbolises 'bringing in Lakshmi', which means bringing in wealth and prosperity into your homes. It is believed that buying items on this date will bring fortune and good health into people's lives. This is why many people wait for this auspicious day eagerly to purchase items.
Given below is the list of things that you should shop for or buy on the auspicious occasion of Dhanteras.
Purchase the idol of Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesh and worship them on Diwali.
As Dhanteras is an auspicious day, many people bring home their favourite car. However, you should make the complete payment in advance to maintain the positivity in the house. Avoid paying for your vehicle on the day of Dhanteras, as vehicles shouldn’t be brought in during Rahu Kaal.
Buying gold and silver items are considered auspicious.
If you are purchasing clothes on this day, give your preference to white or red coloured clothes.
Purchasing property is considered auspicious on this day.
As Lord Dhanvantari is worshipped on this day, you can also purchase medicines.
Steel and brass utensils can be purchased on this auspicious day.
It is considered auspicious to buy a broom on the occasion of Dhanteras. This ensures that negative energy leaves your home.
It is believed that bringing salt on this day can bring wealth and happiness to the house.
It is considered auspicious to buy a conch, a garland made of dried lotus seeds, religious literature, or Rudraksha on this day. It is also considered incredibly beneficial to bring the revered Rasraj Parad Shri Yantra home on this day.
On the day of Dhanteras, Goddess Lakshmi, Lord Ganesha, Lord Dhanvantari, and the God of the wealth, Kuber, are all worshipped to attain an abundance of wealth and blessings.
On Dhanteras, Lord Ganesha should be worshipped first. Before worshipping, you should bathe the idol and anoint him with sandal paste. He should be placed on a red cloth, and then fresh flowers and sweet offerings should be offered to the idol of Lord Ganesha. Light diyas and incense and worship him. You should chant the mantra of Lord Ganesha and take his blessings before starting the Dhanteras rituals. The mantra that you should chant is-
“Vakra-Tunndda Maha-Kaaya Suurya-Kotti Samaprabha
Nirvighnam Kurume Deva Sarva-Karyeshu Sarvada”
After that, Lord Dhanvantari is worshipped. People pray to him for the well-being and good health of their family. After the ritual of bathing and anointing the idol of Lord Dhanvantari with vermillion, you should offer him nine varieties of grains. Then you should chant the mantra given below-
"Om Namo Bhagavate Maha Sudharshana Vasudevaya Dhanvantaraye
Amrutha Kalasa Hasthaaya Sarva Bhaya Vinasaya Sarva amaya Nivaranaya
Tri Lokya Pathaye Thri Lokya Nidhaye Sri Maha Vishnu Swarupa
Sri Dhanvantri Swarupa Sri Sri Sri Aoushata Chakra Narayana Swaha"
Lord Kuber is worshipped on this day. You should offer flowers, fruits, sweets, diyas, and incense to him. Devotees should chant the mantra given below-
“Om Yakshaya Kuberaya Vaishravanaaya Dhanadhanyadi Padayeh
Dhana-Dhanya Samreeddhing Me Dehi Dapaya Swaha"
The apt time to do Goddess Lakshmi's Puja on Dhanteras is during the Pradosh Kaal. The Pradosh Kaal falls after sunset and lasts for around two and a half hours. Before you begin with the rituals, spread a piece of new cloth on a raised platform, and place a handful of grains in the centre of the cloth. Take a Kalash and fill it with water mixed with holy Gangajal, and put a betel nut, a coin, a flower, and some rice grains in it. You can keep mango leaves in the Kalash. Also, put a metal dish filled with rice grains on the Kalash.
A lotus is to be drawn with Haldi (turmeric) over the grains and then place the Goddess idol over it. The Lord Ganesha idol is also kept. Along with that, you can keep books related to your business or occupation near the idol of Goddess Laksmi. You should then light a lamp and begin the Puja by offering flowers, Haldi, vermillion to Goddess Lakshmi, Lord Ganesha, and the Kalash. You should chant the following mantra-
“Om Shreem Hreem Shreem Kamale Kamalalaye Praseed Praseed Om Shreem Hreem Shreem Mahalakshmaye Namaha”
After this, place the Goddess idol on a plate and bathe it with water and Panchamrit (a mixture of curd, milk, ghee or butter, sugar, and honey). After that, offer the idol sandal paste, saffron paste, ittar (perfume), vermillion, Haldi, and gulal. Also, offer fruits, sweets, and coconut and perform the Aarti. You and your entire family should worship the Goddess for success, happiness, and prosperity.
This Dhanteras 2020, the Trayodashi Tithi will begin on November 12 (Thursday) at 09:30 PM and will end on November 13 (Friday) at 05:59 PM.
The auspicious time and date of Dhanteras 2020 is as follows-
Dhanteras Puja Tithi - Friday, 13th November 2020
Dhanteras Puja Muhurat - Evening 05:28 to 05:59 PM
Pradosh Kaal - Evening 05:28 to 08:07 PM
Vrishabha Kaal - Evening 05:32 to 07:28 PM
If you want to know more about how you can make the most out of the auspicious occasion of Dhanteras, then consult expert astrologers at Astroyogi.