Why Does Holika Dahan Hold Major Significance for Devotees?

bell icon Thu, Mar 17, 2022
Team Astroyogi By Team Astroyogi
Holika Dahan 2022: Significance, Rituals, Date, And Time

The tradition of Holika Dahan holds huge significance in the Holi celebrations and is celebrated with lots of gusto and zeal. Read here to know all about the occasion. 

Holika Dahan is an occasion that needs no introduction. Holika Dahan, also known as 'Choti Holi,' is a significant Hindu festival observed a day before the colorful festival of Holi. On the next day, 'Rangwali Holi is celebrated, where people smear colors on each other. 

Let's get to know all about Holika Dahan.'

Holika Dahan 2022 Time And Date: Find Out Here

The occasion of Holika Dahan 2022 will be celebrated on 17th March 2022 (Thursday). Given below are the auspicious timings of this occasion.

Holika Dahan Timings - 09:06 PM to 10:16 PM

Bhadra Punchha Timing - 09:06 PM to 10:16 PM

Bhadra Mukha Timing - 10:16 PM to 12:13 AM, 18th March 2022

Purnima Tithi (Starts) - 01:29 PM on 17th March 2022

Purnima Tithi (Ends) - 12:47 PM on 18th March 2022

The best preference for the auspicious timing for Holika Dahan is during Pradosh when Bhadra is over, and the Purnima Tithi is continuing. If Bhadra continues during Pradosh, but it ends before midnight, the occasion of Holika Dahan should be performed after Bhadra is over. On the other hand, if Bhadra ends after midnight, the occasion should be performed during Bhadra, preferably during the Bhadra Punchha. One thing you should remember is that you should avoid Bhadra Mukha for Holika Dahan. The occasion shouldn't be celebrated in the Bhadra Mukha as doing so can bring bad luck for everyone for a whole year. If, in any circumstance, Bhadra Punchha is unavailable between Pradosh and midnight, then perform the occasion during Pradosh. If Pradosh or Bhadra Punchha is not available, you can perform Holika Dahan after Pradosh.

Looking for more information regarding the timings for Holika Dahan in 2022? If yes, then turn to Astroyogi right away.

What Is The Significance of Holika Dahan?

The occasion of Holi and Holika Dahan celebrates the victory of good over evil. Holi also marks the beginning of spring. The occasion of Holika Dahan commemorates the burning of the demoness, Holika, who was the sister of demon King- Hiranyakashyap, with the help of Lord Vishnu. On this occasion, a bonfire is created, which signifies the burning of Holika and the subsequent defeat of evil. This occasion is also known as 'Holika' or 'Kamudu Pyre' in some parts of India. Holika Dahan ceremony is an integral part of the Holi festival, and it is celebrated before Holi.

Holi is a festival that defies all religious discrimination. This grand festival is a two-day affair, and the eve of Holi is known as Holika Dahan. Holi is celebrated on Purnima or Full Moon day during the month of Phalgun as per the Hindu calendar. So, the occasion of Holika Dahan is celebrated on the previous night. As per the Gregorian calendar, the occasion corresponds to February or March. Holashtak takes place eight days before Holi. It is an eight-day period, which will be observed from 10th March 2022 (Thursday). This period is considered auspicious by many Hindu communities in Northern India, and hence, no auspicious work is done during this time.

Read Also: 👉 Get to Know All About The Festival of Colors- Holi

Holika Dahan Puja And Other Rituals 

Holika Dahan is the ceremony done in the evening to start the process of Holi celebrations. The preparation for the ceremony begins days before Holika Dahan. Wood and combustible materials are gathered to light the bonfires made in the open spaces. According to traditions, people contribute wood for the Holika bonfire, as the bonfire represents the fire that consumed Holika when she tried to kill Prahlad, her nephew. The Holika Dahan Puja is performed during the evening at an auspicious time. Some people perform this pious Puja at their home, whereas others perform the Puja at the site of Holika Dahan.

Holika Dahan is done with complete ritualistic worship. The rituals might differ from one place to another. Given below are the rituals associated with Holi Pujan or Holika Dahan Pujan. 

  • First, you should have all the materials or samagri needed for the Puja. Items such as cow dung cakes, Dhoop and Agarbatti (incense sticks), Akshat (unbroken rice), a Kalash full of water, Flowers, Gulal, a whole coconut, fruits, Batasha or any other sweets, grains of freshly cultivated crops like wheat or gram, wood for the bonfire, Kumkum (vermillion), Haldi (turmeric), Moong Dal, Deep (oil-filled lamps), Kalava (cotton thread) are needed. The fully grown grains from freshly harvested crops like wheat are roasted in the Puja and served as Prasad.
  • Use Gangajal (water from the Ganga river) to clean the place where you would like to perform the Holika Dahan. You must make sure that it is an open field. 
  • Make the idols of Holika and Prahlad with cow dung for Holika Dahan Puja. Keep the idols of Holika and Prahlad beside each other during the Puja. 
  • Devotees sit down facing either the East or North direction with a small water pot at the place of worship.
  • In Hinduism, all Pujas start with the worship of Lord Ganesha, so invoke Lord Ganesha and seek his blessings so that you can perform Holika Dahan. After that, worship Goddess Ambika or Gauri and then Lord Narasimha. Seek the blessings of Prahlad as well. Also, light an oil-filled lamp, and invoke Lord Narasimha by chanting this mantra-
  • “Namaste Narasimhaya, Prahladahlada-dayine,
  • Hiranyakasiporvaksaha, shila-tanka nakhalaye |
  • Ito Nrsimhah parato narsimho, yato yato yami tato nrsimhah,
  • Bahirnarsimho hridaye nrsimho, nrsimhamadim saranam prapadye ||”
  • To worship, keep all the Puja samagri or materials that you need at hand. Worship using all the materials with complete rituals. Also, worship Lord Narasimha with complete rituals. Offer sweets and fruits to the deities. 
  • After worshiping and seeking the blessings of Lord Narasimha, the idol of Prahlad is removed for safekeeping prior to Holika Dahan. 
  • After that, the bonfire, created from the pile of wood, and the idol of Holika are set on fire. During this time, devotees chant the 'Rakshoghna Mantras' mentioned in the Rig Vedas to ward off evil spirits. This ritual narrates how the divine Lord Vishnu saved Prahlad from fire while Holika was burnt into ashes. Prahlad was a devout worshiper of Lord Vishnu, and his prayers acted as his shield on the pyre.
  • Conclude your prayers and worship by circumambulating around the bonfire thrice, five or seven times. While circumambulating, raw yarn is tied around the Holika. Also, offer water to Holika. 
  • Once the Puja is done, people smear Gulaal on each other and take blessings from the elders.

The burning of Holika illustrates the triumph of good over evil. This is why this occasion is celebrated by people dancing and singing around the fire. Seasonal and festival's favorite delicacies such as Gujiya, Malpuas, Mathri, etc., are prepared. Holi is observed on the next day. On the next day, the ashes are collected by people. The ash is considered sacred, and thus, people apply it to their bodies. Smearing the ash on the body is regarded as an act of purification.

Devotees believe that by celebrating Holika Dahan, all the negative energies in their families will be eliminated. On this occasion, devotees worship the divine Lord Vishnu to seek his blessings for prosperity and eliminate all the evils and diseases from their lives. 

Read Also: 👉 Color Therapy with Gulal

What Is The Holika Dahan Story?

The answer to why Holika Dahan is considered significant can be found in mythology. According to mythology, there once was a powerful and egotistical king, Hiranyakshyap, who wanted everybody in his kingdom to worship and consider him God. However, to his great disappointment, his son, Prahlad, an ardent devotee of Lord Vishnu, refused to bow down before him. He continued worshiping Lord Vishnu. This made Hiranyakashyap quite angry, and he made many attempts to kill his son. But Lord Vishnu saved him every time. Finally, he asked his sister, Holika, for help.

To get rid of Prahlad, Hiranyakashyap asked Holika to sit on a blazing pyre with Prahlad in her lap. Hiranyakashyap knew that Holika had been granted a boon that made her immune to fire so she would be unscathed. Holika persuaded Prahlad to sit in her lap and then sat in the blazing fire. Holika had a shawl gifted by the divine Lord Brahma that protected her from fire. Prahlad kept chanting Lord Vishnu's name with complete devotion, and Lord Vishnu blessed him and saved him from the fire. The divine deity summoned a gust of wind to blow the shawl off Holika and on to young Prahlad. Therefore, nothing happened to him while Holika got charred and died. Hiranyakashyap was later killed by Lord Vishnu's incarnation-  Narasimha.

Therefore, Holi derives its name from Holika. This is why people recreate the scene of Holika burning to ashes on Holika Dahan every year to observe the triumph of good over evil. This mythological legend teaches us that no matter how strong the opponent is, nothing can harm a true devotee as they will always be blessed.

Thus, Holika Dahan holds enormous significance, which is why people celebrate it with splendor.

If you need more information about Holika Dahan 2022, get in touch with Astroyogi astrologers right away!

✍️ By- Team Astroyogi

Upcoming Festival at 👉  Navratri, Ugadi, Gudi PadwaRam Navami